Environmental Review Toolkit
Accelerating Project Delivery

Eco-Logical: An Ecosystem Approach to
Developing Infrastructure Projects

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Table of Contents



Council on Environmental Quality Preface

Executive Summary

I. Advantages of an Ecosystem Approach

II. Setting the Stage

III. Integrated Planning-The First Steps Toward an Ecosystem Approach
Addressing Common Challenges with Locally Appropriate Strategies
A Framework for Integrated Planning

IV. Incorporating an Ecosystem Approach with Mitigation Decisions
Mitigation Options
Project-Specific Mitigation
Multiple-Project Mitigation
Characteristics of Mitigation and Conservation Banks
Ecosystem-Based Mitigation Agreements

V. Adaptive Management Through Performance Measures
Ecosystem Performance Measures
Logic Models Can Link Objectives with Performance Measures

VI. What Success Looks Like


Appendix A - Memorandum of Understanding to Foster the Ecosystem Approach

Appendix B - Funding and Partnerships

Appendix C - Resource Guide

Appendix D - Federal Laws and Requirements

Collaborating on Eco-Logical

Acronyms and Abbreviations

Report Documentation Page


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