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Water, Wetlands, and Wildlife

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State Plant Listings

California

Vegetation References

(Dominant plant species present in each vegetation type are listed in Appendix C)

2 Cedar-Hemlock-Douglas Fir Forest (Thuja-Tsuga-Pseudotsuga)
5 Mixed Conifer Forest (Abies-Pinus-Pseudotsuga)
6 Redwood Forest (Sequoia-Pseudotsuga)
7 Red Fir Forest (Abies)
8 Lodgepole Pine-Subalpine Forest (Pinus-Tsuga)
9 Pine-Cypress Forest (Pinus-Cupressus)
10 Western Ponderosa forest (Pinus)
22 Oregon Oakwoods (Quercus)
25 California Mixed Evergreen Forest (Quercus-Arbutus-Pseudotsuga)
26 California Oakwoods (Quercus)
29 Chaparral (Adenostoma-Arctostaphylos-Ceanothus)
30 Coastal Sagebrush (Salvia-Eriogonum)
32 Great Basin Sagebrush (Artemisia)
34 Saltbrush-Geasewood (Artiplex-Sarcobatus)
35 Creosote Bush (Larrea)
36 Creosote Bush-Bur Sage (Larrea-Franseria)
37 Palo Verde-Cactus Shrub (Cercidium-Opuntia)
40 Fescue-Oatgrass (Festuca-Danthonia)
41 California Steppe (Stipa)
42 Tule Marshes (Scirpus-Typha)
45 Alpine Meadows and Barren (Agrostis, Carex, Festuca, Poa)
49 Sagebrush Steppe (Artemisia-Agropyron)

Botanical Experts

Roxanne Bittman, Botanist
Natural Heritage Division
California Department of Fish and Game
1200 S St.
Sacramento, CA 95814
(916) 323-8970
(916) 324-0475 (fax)
internet: rbittman@dfg.ca.gov

Recommended Flora

Hickman, James C. 1993. The Jepson Manual of Higher Plants of California, Revision and Update of 1925 Original Edition. University of California Press, Berkeley and Los Angeles, CA. 1400 pgs. ISBN: 0520082559.

Native Plants for Landscape Use in California

Cacti

Echinocereus engelmannii (hedgehog cactus, strawberry cactus)
Opuntia basilaris (beavertail cactus)
Opuntia chlorotica (pancake pear, silver-dollar cactus)
Opuntia erinacea (grizzly, hedgehog, or Mohave prickly pear)

Ferns

Adiantum capillus-veneris (southern maidenhair fern)
Aspidotis densa (rock brake, cliff brake, Indian's dream)
Asplenium trichomanes (Maidenhair spleenwort)
Athyrium filix-femina (lady fern)
Blechnum spicant (deer fern)
Cheilanthes gracillima (lace fern)
Cystopteris fragilis (fragile fern)
Dryopteris arguta (coast wood fern)
Pellaea mucronata (bird's-foot fern)
Polypodium glycyrrhiza (licorice fern)
Polypodium scouleri (rock polypody)
Polystichum imbricans (dwarf western sword fern)
Polystichum munitum (western sword fern)
Woodwardia fimbriata (chain fern)

Forbs (annuals/biennials)

Castilleja exserta ssp. exserta (red owl's clover)
Clarkia concinna (red ribbons)
Clarkia unguiculata (mountain garland)
Collinsia heterophylla (Chinese houses)
Collinsia parviflora var. grandiflora (blue lips)
Layia glandulosa (tidy tips)
Mimulus guttatus (golden monkey flower)
Nemophila breviflora (Great Basin nemophila)

Forbs (perennials)

Achlys triphylla (vanilla leaf)
Aconitum columbianum (western monkshood)
Agave deserti (century plant)
Allium validum (swamp onion)
Anaphalis margaritacea (pearly everlasting)
Antennaria spp. (pussytoes, everlasting)
Apocynum androsaemifolium (spreading dogbane)
Aquilegia formosa (scarlet columbine)
Armeria maritima (sea pink, thrift)
Arnica cordifolia (heartleaf arnica)
Artemisia douglasiana (Douglas mugwort)
Artemisia ludoviciana (white sage, prairie sage, artemisia)
Asarum caudatum (wild ginger)
Asclepias asperula (antelope horns)
Asclepias speciosa (showy milkweed)
Aster ascendens (purple aster, Pacific aster)
Aster foliaceus (leafy aster)
Astragalus canadensis (milk vetch, Canada milk vetch)
Balsamorrhiza sagittata (balsamroot)
Calochortus kennedyi (desert mariposa, flame mariposa)
Calochortus macrocarpus (bigpod mariposa)
Calochortus venustus (white mariposa lily)
Camissonia cheiranthifolia (beach evening primrose)
Campanula rotundifolia (harebell)
Castilleja linariifolia (Indian paintbrush)
Claytonia lanceolata (spring beauty)
Clintonia uniflora (bride's bonnet, queen cup, bead lily)
Coreopsis gigantea (giant coreopsis, tree coreopsis)
Cornus canadensis (bunchberry)
Delphinium cardinale (scarlet larkspur)
Delphinium glaucum (tower larkspur)
Delphinium nudicaule (red larkspur)
Delphinium parishii (desert larkspur, paleface delphinium)
Dicentra formosa (western bleeding heart)
Dichelostemma congestum (wild hyacinth)
Disporum smithii (fairy bells)
Dodecatheon hendersonii (Henderson's shooting stars)
Dodecatheon jeffreyi (Jeffrey's shooting stars)
Dudleya cymosa (dudleya)
Dudleya pulverulenta (chalk lettuce)
Epilobium angustifolium (fireweed, willow herb)
Epilobium canum (California fuschia)
Epilobium latifolium (dwarf fireweed)
Epilobium obcordatum (rock fringe)
Erigeron compositus (alpine daisy)
Erigeron glaucus (seaside daisy)
Eriogonum umbellatum (sulfur buckwheat)
Eriogonum wrightii (Wright buckwheat)
Eriophyllum confertifolium (golden yarrow)
Eriophyllum lanatum (woolly sunflower, Oregon sunshine)
Erythronium grandiflorum (glacier lily, yellow fawn lily, dogtooth violet)
Erythronium revolutum (bog fawn lily)
Eschscholzia californica (California poppy)
Fragaria chiloensis (coast strawberry)
Galium triflorum (sweet-scented bedstraw)
Geranium viscossisimum (sticky wild geranium)
Geum triflorum (prairie smoke, purple avens)
Glandularia gooddingii (pink verbena, southwestern vervain)
Glycyrrhiza lepidota (wild licorice)
Gutierrezia sarothrae (broom snakeweed, matchbrush)
Helenium autumnale (common sneezeweed)
Helianthus californicus (California sunflower)
Helianthus gracilentus (dwarf sunflower)
Heterotheca villosa var. villosa (golden aster)
Heuchera micrantha (common alumroot)
Heuchera rubescens (mountain alumroot, red alumroot, wild coralbells)
Hypericum concinnum (goldwire)
Iris douglasiana (Douglas iris, western iris)
Iris missouriensis (Rocky Mountain iris, western blue flag)
Keckiella cordifolia (climbing penstemon)
Lewisia cotyledon (broadleaf lewisia)
Lewisia rediviva (bitter root)
Lilium columbianum (Columbia lily, Oregon lily, wild tiger lily)
Lilium humboldtii (Humboldt lily)
Lilium pardalinum (leopard lily, tiger lily)
Linnaea borealis (twinflower)
Linum lewisii (wild blue flax)
Luetkea pectinata (Alaska spiraea, partridge foot)
Lupinus albifrons (silver bush lupine)
Lupinus arboreus (bush lupine)
Lupinus argenteus (silvery lupine)
Lupinus polyphyllus (meadow lupine, bog lupine)
Lupinus variicolor (bluff lupine, varicolored lupine)
Maianthemum dilatatum (false lily-of-the-valley)
Maianthemum racemosum ssp. racemosum (false Solomon's seal, false spikenard)
Maianthemum stellatum (starry Solomon's seal)
Mertensia ciliata (mountain bluebells)
Mimulus cardinalis (crimson monkey flower)
Mimulus lewisii (Lewis monkey flower, great purple monkey flower)
Mimulus primuloides (primrose monkey flower)
Monardella odoratissima (coyote mint, mountain pennyroyal)
Nolina bigelovii var. parryi (Parry's nolina, Bigelow nolina)
Nothochelone nemorosa (woodland penstemon)
Oenothera cespitosa (gumbo evening primrose, gumbo lily)
Oenothera flava (shortfin evening primrose)
Osmorhiza berteroi (mountain sweet cicely)
Oxalis oregana (redwood sorrel)
Paeonia californica (California peony)
Pedicularis groenlandica (elephant heads)
Penstemon azureus (azure penstemon)
Penstemon centranthifolius (scarlet bugler)
Penstemon davidsonii (blue color mat, alpine penstemon)
Penstemon deustus (hot rock penstemon)
Penstemon eatonii (firecracker penstemon)
Penstemon heterophyllus (foothill penstemon)
Penstemon palmeri (Palmer's penstemon, scented penstemon)
Penstemon pseudospectabilis (desert beardtongue)
Penstemon rupicola (penstemon)
Penstemon speciosus (sagebrush penstemon)
Penstemon spectabilis (royal penstemon)
Pentaphylloides floribunda (potentilla, shrubby cinquefoil)
Petrophyton caespitosum (dwarf spiraea, petrophytum, tufted rockmat)
Phacelia bolanderi (flowered grape leaf)
Phlox diffusa (mat phlox) Phlox speciosa (showy phlox)
Polemonium occidentale (Jacob's ladder)
Polemonium pulcherrimum (alpine Jacob's ladder, skunk leaf)
Ranunculus alismifolius (meadow buttercup)
Sairocarpus multiflorus (multi-flowered snapdragon)
Salvia sonomensis (creeping sage)
Salvia spathacea (hummingbird sage)
Satureja douglasii (yerba buena)
Sedum spathulifolium (common stonecrop, broad-leaved sedum)
Sidalcea malvaeflora (checkerbloom, checker mallow)
Silene californica (California Indian pink)
Silene hooked (Hooker's pink, ground pink)
Silene laciniata (southern Indian pink, catchfly, Mexican campion)
Sisyrinchium bellum (blue-eyed grass)
Sisyrinchium californicum (golden-eyed grass)
Solidago canadensis (meadow goldenrod)
Solidago multiradiata (northern goldenrod, mountain goldenrod)
Sphaeralcea ambigua (desert mallow)
Sphaeralcea parvifolia (globe mallow)
Tellima grandiflora (fringe cup)
Tetraneuris acaulis var. acaulis (stemless goldflower, stemless rubber weed, butte marigold)
Thermopsis macrophylla (false lupine)
Tolmiea menziesii (piggyback plant, youth-on-age, thousand mothers)
Trientalis borealis ssp. latifolia (western starflower)
Trillium ovatum (coast trillium, western wakerobin)
Vancouveria hexandra (inside-out flower)
Verbena hastata (blue verbena, blue vervain)
Viguiera parishii (shrubby goldeneye)
Viola glabella (smooth yellow or stream violet)
Viola macloskeyi (white mountain violet)
Whipplea modesta (whipplevine, modesty, yerba de selva)
Wyethia angustifolia (narrowleaf mule ears)
Xerophyllum tenax (beargrass)
Xylorhiza tortifolia var. tortifolia (Mojave aster)
Yucca baccata (blue yucca, banana yucca, fleshy-fruited yucca)
Yucca brevifolia (Joshua tree)
Yucca whipplei (chaparral yucca, our Lord's candle)

Grasses/Grass-like plants

Agrostis exarata (spikebent, spike red top)
Agrostis scabra (ticklegrass, fly-away grass)
Aristida purpurea (purple three awn)
Bouteloua curtipendula (sideoats grama)
Bouteloua eriopoda (black grama)
Bouteloua gracilis (blue grama)
Bromus carinatus (California brome)
Calamagrostis canadensis (bluejoint grass)
Carex aquatilis (water sedge)
Carex barbarae (Santa Barbara sedge)
Carex heteroneura (sedge)
Carex nebrascensis (Nebraska sedge)
Carex spissa (San Diego sedge)
Carex stipata (awl-fruited sedge)
Carex utriculata (beaked sedge)
Carex vernacula (sedge)
Danthonia californica (California oatgrass)
Danthonia intermedia (timber oatgrass)
Deschampsia cespitosa (tufted hairgrass)
Dichanthelium acuminatum var. acuminatum (panic grass)
Distichlis spicata (seashore saltgrass)
Eleocharis palustris (creeping spikesedge, spike rush)
Elymus glaucus (blue wild rye)
Festuca californica (California fescue)
Festuca idahoensis (Idaho fescue, blue bunchgrass)
Hierochloe occidentalis (vanilla grass, California sweet grass)
Juncus dubius (little bamboo)
Koeleria macrantha (June grass)
Leersia oryzoides (rice cut grass)
Leymus mollis (American dune grass, beach wild rye)
Melica imperfecta (coast range melic)
Muhlenbergia montana (mountain muhly)
Muhlenbergia ported (bush muhly)
Muhlenbergia rigens (meadow muhly, deergrass)
Nassella cernua (nodding stipa)
Pascopyrum smithii (western wheatgrass)
Phleum alpinum (alpine timothy)
Poa secunda (pine bluegrass)
Pseudoroegneria spicata (bluebunch wheatgrass)
Scirpus acutus (hardstem bulrush)
Scirpus maritimus (alkali bulrush, prairie bulrush, bayonet grass)
Scirpus tabernaemontani (great bulrush)
Sporobolus airoides (alkali sacaton)
Sporobolus cryptandrus (sand dropseed)
Sporobolus flexuosus (mesa dropseed)
Stipa comata (needle-and-thread grass)
Stipa nelsonii (Columbia needlegrass)
Stipa speciosa (desert needlegrass, spear grass)
Trisetum spicatum (spike trisetum)

Shrubs (deciduous)

Aesculus californica (California buckeye)
Alnus incana (speckled alder, mountain alder)
Alnus viridis ssp. sinuata (Sitka alder, mountain alder)
Amelanchier alnifolia (saskatoon, western serviceberry, Juneberry)
Amelanchier utahensis (Utah serviceberry)
Amorpha fruticosa (false indigo, Indigo bush)
Atriplex canescens (four-wing saltbush, wingscale)
Atriplex confertifolia (spiny saltbush, shadscale saltbush, hop sage)
Baccharis pilularis (chaparral broom)
Betula nana (bog birch, dwarf birch)
Calliandra eriophylla (fairy duster, mesquitilla)
Calycanthus occidentalis (California sweet shrub, spice bush)
Ceanothus greggii var. vestitus (desert ceanothus)
Ceanothus integerrimus (deer brush)
Ceanothus sanguineus (redstem ceanothus, wild lilac)
Chamaebatiaria millefolium (fernbush, desert sweet, tansy bush)
Chrysothamnus nauseosus (rabbit brush, chamisa)
Cornus sericea (red-twig dogwood, red-osier dogwood)
Corylus cornuta (beaked hazelnut or filbert)
Crataegus douglasii (black hawthorn)
Crossosoma bigelovii (crossosoma)
Empetrum nigrum (crowberry)
Ephedra nevadensis (Mormon tea)
Ephedra trifurca (ephedra, joint fir)
Ephedra viridis (Mormon tea)
Eriogonum arborescens (Santa Cruz Island buckwheat)
Eriogonum fasciculatum (California buckwheat)
Fallugia paradoxa (Apache plume)
Hibiscus denudatus (rock hibiscus)
Holodiscus discolor (cream bush, ocean spray, mountain spray)
Holodiscus dumosus (bush rock-spires, cream bush, ocean spray)
Justicia californica (chuparosa)
Lonicera involucrata (black twinberry, bear berry honeysuckle)
Lycium andersonii (Anderson wolfberry)
Oemleria cerasiformis (Indian plum, oso berry)
Parkinsonia microphylla (foothills palo verde, littleleaf palo verde)
Philadelphus lewisii (wild mock orange, syringa)
Physocarpus capitatus (western ninebark)
Poliomintha incana (mintbush)
Prosopsis glandulosa (honey mesquite)
Prunus andersonii (desert peach)
Prunus virginiana (chokecherry)
Psilostrophe cooperi (paperflower, yellow paper daisy)
Purshia tridentata (antelope brush)
Rhododendron occidentale (western azalea)
Rhus trilobata (squawbush, basketbush, skunkbush)
Ribes aureum (golden currant)
Ribes cereum (wax currant, western red currant, squaw currant)
Ribes laxiflorum (trailing black currant)
Ribes menziesii (chaparral currant)
Ribes sanguineum (pink-flowered currant, red flowering currant)
Rosa californica (California rose)
Rosa nutkana (nootka rose)
Rosa woodsii (western wild rose, woods rose)
Rubus idaeus ssp. strigosus (red raspberry)
Rubus parviflorus (western thimbleberry)
Rubus spectabilis (salmon berry)
Rubus ursinus (western blackberry)
Salix arctica (arctic willow)
Salix scouleriana (western pussy willow, Scouler's willow)
Salvia apiana (shite sage)
Salvia dorrii (grayball sage)
Sambucus cerulea (blue elderberry)
Sambucus racemosa var. melanocarpa (black elderberry)
Sarcobatus vermiculatus (greasewood)
Shepherdia argentea (silver buffaloberry)
Sorbus scopulina (western mountain ash)
Spiraea douglasii (western spiraea, hardhack spiraea)
Spiraea splendens var. splendens (subalpine spiraea)
Styrax officinalis (snowdrop bush)
Symphoricarpos albus (snowberry)
Vaccinium parvifolium (red huckleberry)
Vaccinium uliginosum (alpine blueberry, bog blueberry)

Shrubs (evergreen)

Arctostaphylos columbiana (hairy manzanita)
Arctostaphylos glandulosa (eastwood manzanita)
Arctostaphylos manzanita (manzanita)
Arctostaphylos nevadensis (pinemat manzanita)
Arctostaphylos patula (greenleaf manzanita)
Arctostaphylos pringlei (pink-bracted manzanita)
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (bearberry, kinnikinnik)
Artemisia californica (California sagebrush)
Artemisia nova (black sagebrush)
Artemisia tridentata (big sagebrush, Great Basin sagebrush)
Atriplex lentiformis (saltbush, coastal quail bush)
Carpenteria californica (bush anemone)
Castanopsis sempervirens (Sierra chinquapin, bush chinquapin)
Ceanothus arboreus (island ceanothus, island mountain lilac)
Ceanothus thyrsiflorus (blue blossom)
Ceanothus velutinus (mountain balm, buckbush)
Cercocarpus ledifolius (curl-leaf mountain mahogany)
Comarostaphylis diversifolia (summer holly)
Dendromecon rigida (tree poppy, bush poppy)
Encelia californica (bush sunflower)
Encelia farinosa (brittle bush)
Ericameria laricifolia (larchleaf goldenweed, turpentine bush)
Frangula californica ssp. californica (coffeeberry)
Fremontodendron californicum (northern flannelbush, northern fremontia)
Garrya elliptica (silk-tassel bush)
Gaultheria shallon (salal)
Grayia spinosa (spiny hopsage)
Heteromeles arbutifolia var. arbutifolia (toyon, Christmas berry, California holly)
Juniperus californica (California juniper)
Juniperus communis (common juniper)
Kalmia polifolia (swamp laurel, bog laurel)
Larrea tridentata (creosote bush)
Lavatera assurgentiflora (tree mallow)
Leucothoe davisiae (western leucothoe)
Mahonia aquifolium (Oregon grape)
Mahonia fremontii (Fremont barberry, holly grape)
Mahonia haematocarpa (red barberry)
Mahonia nervosa var. nervosa (Cascade Oregon grape)
Malacothamnus fasciculatus (bush mallow)
Myrica californica (California wax myrtle)
Paxistima myrsinites (Oregon box, myrtle boxwood, mountain lover)
Phyllodoce empetriformis (pink mountain heather)
Prunus ilicifolia (holly-leaved cherry)
Quercus turbinella (shrub live oak)
Rhamnus crocea (redberry)
Rhododendron macrophyllum (Pacific rhododendron, California rose-bay)
Rhus ovata (sugar bush, sugar sumac)
Ribes speciosum (fuschia flowering gooseberry)
Trichostema lanatum (woolly blue-curls, romero)
Vaccinium ovatum (evergreen huckleberry)

Trees (deciduous)

Acer circinatum (Oregon vine maple)
Acer glabrum (Rocky Mountain maple)
Acer macrophyllum (bigleaf maple, canyon maple)
Acer negundo (box elder)
Alnus rhombifolia (white alder)
Betula occidentalis (mountain birch, water birch)
Celtis laevigata var. reticulata (netleaf hackberry)
Cercis canadensis var. texensis (California redbud)
Chilopsis linearis (desert willow, trumpet flower)
Cornus nuttalii (Pacific dogwood, mountain dogwood)
Fraxinus latifolia (Oregon ash)
Fraxinus velutina (Arizona ash, velvet ash, desert ash)
Juglans californica (California black walnut)
Parkinsonia florida (blue palo verde)
Platanus racemosa (California sycamore)
Populus balsamifera (black cottonwood)
Populus fremontii (western cottonwood)
Populus tremuloides (quaking aspen)
Prosopsis pubescens (tornillo, screwbean mesquite)
Quercus douglasii (blue oak)
Quercus garryana (Oregon post oak)
Quercus kelloggii (California black oak)
Salix laevigata (red willow)

Trees (evergreen)

Abies concolor (western white fir)
Abies grandis (grand fir, giant fir)
Abies procera (noble fir)
Arbutus menziesii (Pacific madrone, Oregon laurel, laurelwood)
Calocedrus decurrens (incense cedar)
Chamaecyparis lawsoniana (Lawson falsecypress, Port Orford cedar)
Chamaecyparis nootkatensis (Alaska cedar, yellow cedar, Nootka cedar)
Cupressus macnabiana (McNab cypress)
Juniperus osteosperma (Utah juniper)
Lithocarpus densiflorus (tanbark oak)
Lyonothamnus floribundus (fernleaf Catalina ironwood)
Olneya tesota (ironwood, tesota)
Picea sitchensis (Sitka spruce)
Pinus attenuata (knobcone pine)
Pinus contorta (beach pine)
Pinus contorta var. murrayana (lodgepole pine)
Pinus flexilis (limber pine)
Pinus lambertiana (sugar pine)
Pinus monticola (western white pine)
Pinus ponderosa (ponderosa pine)
Pinus sabiniana (gray or foothill pine)
Pseudotsuga macrocarpa (big-cone spruce)
Pseudotsuga menziesii (Douglas fir)
Quercus agrifolia (coast live oak)
Quercus chrysolepis (canyon live oak)
Quercus wislizeni (Interior live oak)
Sequoia sempervirens (redwood)
Sequoiadendron giganteum (giant sequoia)
Taxus brevifolia (western yew, Pacific yew)
Thuja plicata (western red cedar)
Torreya californica (California nutmeg)
Tsuga heterophylla (western hemlock)
Tsuga mertensiana (mountain hemlock)
Umbellularia californica (California bay laurel, myrtle)

Vines (deciduous)

Aristolochia californica (Dutchman's pipe)
Clematis lasiantha (pipestem clematis)
Clematis ligusticifolia (clematis)
Lathyrus splendens (pride of California, campo pea)
Lonicera ciliosa (orange honeysuckle)
Maurandella antirrhiniflora (snapdragon vine)
Vitis californica (California wild grape)
Vitis girdiana (southern California grape)

Federally Listed Endangered Species

Amargosa niterwort (Nitrophila mohavensis)
Antioch Dunes evening-primrose (Oenothera deltoides ssp. howellii)
Ash Meadows gumplant (Grindelia fraxino-pratensis)
Bakersfield cactus (Opuntia treleasei)
Beach layia (Layia carnosa)
Ben Lomond spineflower (Chorizanthe pungens var. hartwegiana)
Ben Lomond wallflower (Erysimum teretifolium)
Big-leaved crownbeard (Verbesina dissita)
Burke's goldfields (Lasthenia burkei)
Butte County meadowfoam (Limnanthes floccosa ssp. californica)
California Orcutt grass (Orcuttia californica)
California jewelflower (Caulanthus californicus)
California seablite (Suaeda californica)
Chorro Creek bob thistle (Cirsium fontinale obispoense), (Lupinus tidestromii)
Contra Costa wallflower (Erysimum)
Clover lupine (capitatum var. angustatum)
Coyote ceanothus (Coyote Valley California-lilac) (Ceanothus ferrisae)
Cushenbury buckwheat (Eriogonum ovalifolium var. Vineum)
Cushenbury milk-vetch (Astragalus albens)
Cushenbury oxytheca (Oxytheca parishii var. goodmaniana)
Del Mar Manzanita (Arctostaphylos glandulosa ssp. crassifolia)
El Dorado bedstraw (Galium californicum ssp. Sierrae)
Encinitis baccharis (Coyote bush), (Baccharis vanessae)
Eureka Dune grass (Swallenia alexandrae)
Eureka Valley evening-primrose (Oenothera avita ssp. eurekensis)
Fountain thistle (Cirsium fontinale var. fontinale)
Gambel's watercress (Rorippa gambellii)
Hoover's wooly-star (Eriastrum hooveri)
Howell's spineflower (Chorizanthe howellii)
Indian Knob mountain balm (Eriodictyon altisssimum)
Kern mallow (Eremalche kernensis)
Large-flowered fiddleneck (Amsinckia grandiflora)
Layne's butterweed (Senecio layneae)
Loch Lomond coyote-thistle (Eryngium constancei)
Marin dwarf-flax (Hesperolinon congestum)
Marsh sandwort (Arenaria paludicola)
McDonald's rock-cress (Arabis mcdonaldiana)
Menzies' wallflower (Erysimum menziesii)
Metcalf Canyon jewelflower (Streptatnthus albidus ssp. albidus)
Monterey gilia (Gilia tenuiflora ssp. Arenaria)
Monterey spineflower (Chorizanthe pungens var. pungens)
Morro manzanita (Arctostaphylos morroensis)
Orcutt's spineflower (Chorizanthe orcuttiana)
Otay mesa mint (Pogogyne nudiuscula)
Palmate-bracted bird's-beak (Cordylanthus tenuis ssp. capillaris)
Pine Hill ceanothus roderickii)
Pine Hill flannelbush (Fremontodendron californicum ssp. decumbens)
Pismo clarkia (Clarkia speciosa immaculata)
Presidio (Raven's) manzanita (Arctostaphylos hooked var. ravenii)
Presidio clarkia (Clarkia franciscana)
Robust spineflower (includes Scotts Valley spineflower (Chorizanthe robusta)
Salt marsh bird'sbeak (Cordylanthus maritimus ssp. maritimus)
San Benito evening-primrose (Camissonia benitensis)
San Bernardino Mountains bladderpod (Lesquerella kingii ssp. bernadina)
San Clemente Island Indian paintbrush (Castilleja grisea)
San Clemente Island broom (Lotus dendroideus ssp. traskiae)
San Clemente Island bush-mallow (Malacothamnus clementinus)
San Clemente Island larkspur (Delphinium variegatum ssp. kinkiense)
San Diego button-celery (Eryngium aristulatum var. parishii)
San Diego mesa mint (Pogogyne abramsii)
San Joaquin wooly-threads (Lembertia congdonii)
San Mateo thornmint (Acanthomintha obovata ssp. duttonii)
San Mateo woolly sunflower (Eriophyllum latilobum)
Santa Ana River wooly-star (Eriasturm densifolium ssp. sanctorum)
Santa Barbara Island liveforever (Dudleya traskiae)
Santa Clara Valley dudleya (Dudleya setchellii)
Santa Cruz cypress (Cupressus abramsiana)
Sebastopol meadlowfoam (Limnanthes vinculans)
Slender-horned spineflower (Dodecahema leptoceras)
Slender-petaled mustard (Thelypodium stenopetalum)
Solano grass (Tuctoria mucronata)
Sonoma spineflower (Chorizanthe valida)
Sonoma sunshine (Baker's stickyseed) (Blennosperma bakeri)
Spring-loving centaury (Centaurium namophilum)
Stebbins' morning-glory (Calystegia stebbinsii)
Tiburon mariposa lily (Calochortus tiburonensis)
Tiburon jewelflower (Streptanthus niger)
Tiburon paintbrush (Castilleja affinis ssp. neglecta)
Truckee barberry (Berberis sonnei)
Water howellia (Howellia aquatilis)
Western lily (Lilium occidental)
White-rayed pentachaeta (Pentachaeta bellidiflora)

California Noxious Species

Because the noxious weed lists have continually changed since we gathered them in 1994, we are not including them at this time. Not all States have noxious weed lists. Those that do, do not use the same standards of importance and are not comparable. States typically have included plants that interfere with agriculture (Canada thistle), or cause human health problems (poison ivy). Some States are now including a category of plants that invade and degrade the environment (purple loosestrife). Check with your State's Agriculture Department or Weed Scientist listed below. The noxious weed list can be used two ways on roadsides: 1) check to not inadvertently plant these invasive plants, and 2) note the plants you are legally responsible to control. Many States now check adjacent State lists to avoid planting their neighbors' problem plants. Because weeds do not respect political boundaries, and because by their very nature weeds continue to adapt and expand, monitoring and controlling invasives at State borders is a wise part of vegetation management.

(Weed and Seed Law)

Department of Agriculture
Division of Plant Industry
PO Box 942871
Sacramento, CA 94271

Clyde Elmore
Weed Science Program
University of California
Davis, CA 95616
(916) 752-9978

California Resources

California Natural Heritage Division
Department of Fish & Game
1220 S. Street
Sacramento, CA 95814
(916) 322-2493, (FAX) 324-0475

The Nature Conservancy Regional Office
201 Mission Street, 4th Floor
San Francisco, CA 94105
(415) 777-0487

California Native Plant Society
1722 "J" Street, Ste. 17
Sacramento, CA 95814

California Native Grass Society
Box 566
Dixon, CA 95620

Department of Food and Agriculture
PO Box 942871
1220 N Street
Sacramento, CA 94271
(916) 654-0466

CalEPPC
Exotic Pest Plant Council
31872 Joshua Drive #25D
Trabuco Canyon, CA 92679

The Living Desert
47900 South Portola Avenue
Palm Desert, CA 92269

Santa Barbara Botanic Garden
1212 Mission Canyon Road
Santa Barbara, CA 93205

John Randall
Department of Vegetable Crops
University of California
Davis, CA 95616
(530) 754-8890

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Questions and feedback should be directed to Deirdre Remley (deirdre.remley@dot.gov, 202-366-0524).

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