Environmental Review Toolkit
Water, Wetlands, and Wildlife

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State Plant Listings

Hawaii

Vegetation References

(Dominant plant species present in each vegetation type are listed in Appendix C)

HI 1 Sclerophyllous forest, shrubland, and grassland (Heteropogon-Opuntia-Prosopis)
HI 2 Guava mixed forest (Aleurites-Hibiscus-Mangilera-Psidium-Schinus)
HI 3 Ohia lehua forest (Metrosideros-Cibotium)
HI 4 Lama-manele forest (Diospyros-Sapindus)
Hl 5 Koa forest (Acacia)
HI 6 Koa-mamani parkland (Acacia-Deschampsia-Myoporum-Sophora)
HI 7 Grassland, microphyllous shrubland, and barren (Deschampsla-Styphelia-Vaccinium)

Botanical Experts

Joel Lau
Botanist, Hawaii Specialist
Hawaii Natural Heritage Program
http://aloha.net/~hinhp/

Native Plants for Landscape Use in Hawaii

Abutilon menziesii (ko `oloa `ula)
Acacia koa (koa)
Bacopa monnieri
Canthium odoratum (alahe`e)
Capparis sandwichiana (puapilo)
Chamaesyce spp. (`akoko)
Dodonaea.viscosa (`a `ali`i)
Gnaphalium sanwicensium (`ena`ena)
Gossypium tomentosum (ma`o)
Heliotropium anomalum (hinahina kahakai)
Hetropogon contortus (pili)
Hibiscus clayi (koki`o`ula `ula)
Hibiscus kokio (koki`o `ula`ula)
Lipochaeta integrifolia (nehe)
Metrosideros polymorpha (`ohi`a lehua)
Myoporum sandwicense (naio)
Nototrichium sandwicense (kulu`i)
Osteomeles anthyllidifolia (`ulei)
Pittosporum spp. (ho`awa)
Pritchardia spp. (loulu)
Santalum spp. (`iliahi)
Sapindus oahuensis (lonomea)
Sapindus saponaria (manele)
Scaevola sericea (naupaka kahakai)
Sesbania tomentosa (`ohai)
Sida fallax (`ilima)
Sporobolus virginicus (`aki`aki)
Vitex rotundifolia (pohinahina)
Wikstroemia uva-ursi (`akia)

Federally Listed Endangered Species

For current list, contact:
Hawaii Natural Heritage Program
1116 Smith Street, Ste. 201
Honolulu, HI 96817
(808) 537-4508

Hawaii Noxious Species

Because the noxious weed lists have continually changed since we gathered them in 1994, we are not including them at this time. Not all States have noxious weed lists. Those that do, do not use the same standards of importance and are not comparable. States typically have included plants that interfere with agriculture (Canada thistle), or cause human health problems (poison ivy). Some States are now including a category of plants that invade and degrade the environment (purple loosestrife). Check with your State's Agriculture Department or Weed Scientist listed below. The noxious weed list can be used two ways on roadsides: 1) check to not inadvertently plant these invasive plants, and 2) note the plants you are legally responsible to control. Many States now check adjacent State lists to avoid planting their neighbors' problem plants. Because weeds do not respect political boundaries, and because by their very nature weeds continue to adapt and expand, monitoring and controlling invasives at State borders is a wise part of vegetation management.

(Weed and Seed Laws)

Department of Agriculture
Plant Industry QBR
701 Ilalo Street
Honolulu, HI 96823

Phillip Motooka, Exp. Sta.
University of Hawaii at Manoa
Kealakekua, HI 6750
(808) 322-0488

Hawaii Resources

Hawaii Natural Heritage Program
The Nature Conservancy of Hawaii
1116 Smith Street, Ste. 201
Honolulu, HI 96817
(808) 537-4508, (FAX) 545-2019

Hawaiian Botanical Society
c/o Department of Botany
University of Hawaii
3190 Maile Way
Honolulu, HI 96822

National Tropical Botanical Garden
PO Box 340
Lawai, Kauai, HI 96765

Waimea Arboretum
59-864 Kam Highway
Haleiwa, HI 96 12

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Questions and feedback should be directed to Deirdre Remley (deirdre.remley@dot.gov, 202-366-0524).

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