Environmental Review Toolkit
Water, Wetlands, and Wildlife

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Roadside Use of Native Plants

Suggested Reading

Environmental Thought

Callicott, Baird J. 1989. In Defense of the Land Ethic. State University of New York Press, Albany, New York.

Callicott, Baird J. 1991. The River of the Mother of God and other Essays by Aldo Leopold. University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, Wisconsin.

Carson, Rachel. 1962. Silent Spring. Houghton Mifflin, Boston, Massachusetts.

Cronon, William, Ed. 1992. Uncommon Ground: Toward Reinventing Nature. W. W. Norton and Co., Inc., New York, New York.

Gore, Albert G. 1992. Earth in the Balance. Houghton Mifflin Company, New York, New York.

Hargrove, Eugene C. 1989. Foundations of Environmental Ethics. Environmental Ethics Books, Denton, Texas.

Jensen, Jens. 1939. Siftings. Ralph Fletcher Seymour, Chicago, Illinois.

Leopold, Aldo. 1949. A Sand County Almanac. Oxford University Press, Inc., Oxford, England.

Nash, Roderick. 1976. The American Environment. Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, Inc. Philippines.

Nash, Roderick Frazier. 1989. The Rights of Nature; A History of Environmental Ethics. University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, Wisconsin.

Noss, R.F. and A.Y Cooperrider. 1994. Saving Nature's Legacy: Protecting and Restoring Biodiversity. Island Press, Washington, DC.

Noss, R.F. M.A. O'Connell, and D. D. Murphy. 1997. The Science of Conservation Planning: Habitat Conservation under the Endangered Species Act. Island Press, Washington, DC.

Udall, Stewart L. 1963. The Quiet Crisis. Holt, Rinehart & Winston, Inc. New York, New York.

Identification: (General references only — check with your State for local field guides)

Britton, Nathaniel and Addison Brown. 1970. An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States and Canada. Volumes 1-3. Dover Publications, Inc., New York.

Brockman, C. Frank. 1986. Trees of North America. Western Publishing, Racine, Wisconsin.

Fernald, Merritt L. 1950. Gray's Manual of Botany. Van Nostrand, New York.

Gleason, Henry A. And Arthur Cronquist. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. D. Van Nostrand Company, New York.

Hitchcock, A.S. 1935. Manual of the Grasses of the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Hitchcock, C.L. and Ar. Cronquist. 1973. Flora of the Pacific Northwest. University of Washington Press, Seattle, Washington.

Kartesz, John. 1994. A Synonymized Checklist of the Vascular Flora of the United States, Canada and Greenland. Timber Press, Portland, Oregon.

Mohlenbrock, Robert H. 1987. Wildflowers, A Quick Identification Guide to the Wildflowers of North America. Macmillan Publishing Company, New York.

Newcomb, Lawrene. 1977. Newcomb's Wildflower Guide. Little, Brown, Boston, Massachusetts.

Peterson, Roger Tory and Margaret McKenny. 1968. A Field Guide to Wildflowers. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, Massachusetts.

Petrides, George A. 1972. A Field Guide to Trees and Shrubs. Houghton Mifflin, Boston, Massachusetts.

Plant Communities/Ecology

Barry, John M. 1980. Natural Vegetation of South Carolina. University Press, Columbia, South Carolina.

Bennett, Dean. 1988. Maine's Natural Heritage, Rare Species and Unique Natural Features. Down East Books, Camden, Maine.

Boon, William and Haden Groe. 1990. Nature's Heartland, Native Plant Communities of the Great Plains, Iowa State University Press, Ames, Iowa.

Brown, David E. 1982. Biotic Communities of the American Southwest. Boyce Thompson Arboretum, Superior, Arizona.

Cain, Stanley A. 1944. Foundations of Plant Geography. Harper & Brothers, New York.

Curtis, John T 1959. The Vegetation of Wisconsin. University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, Wisconsin.

Collins, Beryl Robichaud, and Karl H. Anderson. 1973. Plant Communities of New Jersey. Rutgers University Press, New Brunswick, New Jersey.

Daubenmire, R.F. 1959. Plants and Environment. John Wiley and Sons, New York.

Daubenmire, Rexford. 1968. Plant Communities: A Textbook of Plant Synecology. Harper & Row, New York.

Franklin, Jerry F. and C.T Dyrness. 1988. Natural Vegetation of Oregon and Washington. Oregon State University Press, Eugene, Oregon.

Gleason, Henry A. and Arthur Cronquist. 1964. The Natural Geography of Plants. Columbia University Press, New York.

Hanson, Herbert and Ethan Churchill. 1961. The Plant Community. Reinhold, New York.

Jackson, Marion T. Editor. 1997. The Natural Heritage of Indiana. Indiana University Press, Bloomington and Indianapolis, Indiana.

Lorgensen, Neil. 1977. A Guide to New England's Landscape. Globe Pequot Press, Chester, Connecticut.

McClaran, Mitchel F and Thomas R. Van Devender, Editors. 1995. The Desert Grassland. The University of Arizona Press, Tucson.

Minnesota Natural Heritage Program. 1993. Minnesota's Native Vegetation: A key to Natural Communities. Version 1.5, Biological Report 20. Dept. of Natural Resources, St. Paul, Minnesota.

Olmsted, C.E. 1944. Photoperiodic responses of 12 geographic strains of sideoats grama. Bot. Gaz. 106:46-74.

Oosting, Henry J. 1956. The Study of Plant Communities. W.H. Freeman and Co., San Francisco, California.

Ornduff, Robert. 1974. Introduction to California Plant Life. University of California Press, Berkeley, California.

Reschke, Carol. 1990. Ecological Communities of New York State. New York Natural Heritage Program, Latham, New York.

Robichaux, Robert H. 1998. Ecology of Sonoran Desert Plants and Plant Communities. The University of Arizona Press, Tucson, Arizona.

Swink, Floyd and Gerould Wilhelm. 1979. Plants of the Chicago Region. The Morton Arboretum, Lisle, Illinois.

Tester, John R. 1995. Minnesota's Natural Heritage, An Ecological Perspective. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, Minnesota.

Turesson, G. 1922. The species and variety as ecological units. Hereditas 3: 100-113.

Weaver, J.E. and T.J. Fitzpatrick. 1934. "The Prairie". Ecological Monographs, Vol. 4. Duke University Press, Durham, North Carolina.

Stubbendieck, J., Hatch, S.L. and C.H. Butterfield. 1992. North American Range Plants. University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln, Nebraska.

Weaver, J.E., F.E. Clements. 1938. Plant Ecology. McGraw-Hill, New York.

Wilsie, Carroll F 1961. Crop Adaptation and Distribution. Chap. 4, The Ecotype Concept.

Landscaping: (Including selected regional references)

Brooklyn Botanic Garden Record. 1989. Gardening with Wildflowers & Native Plants. Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Brooklyn, New York.

DuPont, Elizabeth N. 1978. Landscaping with Native Plants in the Middle Atlantic Region. Brandywine Conservancy, Chadds Ford, Pennsylvania.

Hightshoe, Gary L. 1988. Native Trees, Shrubs, and Vines for Urban and Rural America. Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, New York.

Diekelmann, J. And R. Schuster. 1982. Natural Landscaping. McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York.

Holmes, Roger, Editor. 1993. Taylor's Guide to Natural Gardening. Houghton Mifflin Co. New York.

Jones Jr., Samuel B. and Leonard E. Foote. 1990. Gardening with Native Wild Flowers. Timber Press, Portland, Oregon.

Kruckeberg, Arthur R. 1982. Gardening with Native Plants of the Pacific Northwest. University of Washington Press, Seattle, Washington.

McHarg, Ian L.1969. Design with Nature, Natural History Press, Garden City, New York.

Phillips, Judith. 1987. Southwestern Landscaping with Native Plants. Museum of New Mexico Press, Santa Fe, New Mexico.

Roberts, Edith A. and Elsa Rehmann. 1996. American Plants for American Gardens. University of Georgia Press, Athens, Georgia.

Sternberg, Guy and Jim Wilson. 1995. Landscaping with Native Trees. Chapters Publishing Ltd., Shelburne, Vermont.

Taylor, Patricia A. 1996. Easy Care Native Plants. Henry Holt and Company, New York.

Wasowski, Sally and Andy Wasowski,1994. Gardening with Native Plants of the South. Taylor Publishing Company, Dallas, Texas.

Wilson, Jim. 1992. Landscaping with Wildflowers, An Environmental Approach to Gardening. Houghton Mifflin Company, New York.

Wilson, William H. W. 1984. Landscaping with Wildflowers & Native Plants. Chevron Chemical Company, San Francisco, California.

Native Plant Regional Source Directories

Northeast Region: Sources of Propagated Native Plants and Wildflowers. New England Wild Flower Society, Garden in the Woods, Hemenway Road, Framingham, Maine 01701.

Southeast: Sources of Native Plants of the Southeastern United States, 1993. Jan Midgley, 234 Oak Tree Trail, Wilsonville, Alabama 35186.

Midwest: Midwest Native Plant and Seed Sources, 1991. Maria Urice - National Wildflower Research Center, 4801 La Crosse Avenue, Austin, Texas 78739.

Northwest: Hortus West, A Native Plant Directory and journal. P.O. Box 2870, Wilsonville, Oregon 97070.

Southwest: Nursery sources are listed in Wildflower Handbook, a resource for Native Plant Landscapes, 1992. NWRC, Austin, Texas.

MidAtlantic: Mark Gormell, Brandywine, Pennsylvania. (215) 388-7601.

California: Nursery Sources for California Nature Plants, 1995. California Department of Conservation, Office of Mine Reclamation, Sacramento, California.

Alaska: Directory of Alaska Native Plant Sources. Department of Natural Resources, Division of Agriculture, Plant Materials Center, HC02 Box 7440, Palmer, Alaska 99645.

Hawaii: Directory of Sources for Native Hawaiian Plants. Hawaiian Plant Conservation Center, NTBG, FO. Box 3340, Lawai, Kauai, Hawaii 96765.

Weeds or Invasive Species

Agricultural Research Service of the United States Department of Agriculture. 1971. Common Weeds of the United States. Dover Publications, New York.

Doren, Robert F., Ed. 1991. Proceedings of the Symposium on Exotic Pest Plants. National Park Service, Denver, Colorado.

FICMNEW 1996. Pulling Together, National Strategy for Invasive Plant Management. Federal Interagency Committee on the Management of Noxious and Exotic Weeds, Washington, DC.

McKnight, Bill N., ed. 1992. Biological Pollution: The Control and Impact of Invasive Exotic Species. Indiana Academy of Science. Indianapolis, Indiana.

Paddock, David N., ed. 1992. Compendium on Exotic Species. Natural Areas Association. Mukwonago, Wisconsin.

Phillips Petroleum Company. 1986. Pasture and Range Plants. Fort Hays State University, Kansas.

Randall, John M. and Janet Marinelli, eds. 1996. Invasive Plants, Weeds of the Global Garden. Brooklyn Botanic Gardens Inc. New York.

Simberloff, Daniel, Don C. Schmitz, and Tom C. Brown, Editors. 1997. Strangers in Paradise, Impact and Management of Nonindigenous species in Florida. Island Press, Washington, DC.

Stubbendieck, James, G. Friisoe, M. Bolick. 1994. Weeds of Nebraska and the Great Plains. Nebraska Department of Agriculture, Lincoln, Nebraska.

The Nature Conservancy. 1992. Element Stewardship Abstracts. The Nature Conservancy, Arlington, Virginia.

Westbrooks, Randy G. and R.E. Eplee. 1989. Federal Noxious Weeds in Florida. Proceedings of the Southern Weed Science Society 42:316-321.

Whitson, Tom D., et al. 1992. Weeds of the West. University of Wyoming, Laramie, Wyoming.

U.S. Congress. 1993. Harmful Nonindigenous Species in the United States. Office of Technology Assessment, Washington, DC.

Vegetation Restoration and Management

Falk, Donald A., Constance I. Millar, and Margaret Olwell, Editors. 1996. Restoring Diversity, Strategies for Reintroduction of Endangered Plants. Island Press, Washington, DC.

Falk, D.A. 1990. Discovering the Past, Restoring the Future. Restoration and Management Notes 8 92):71.

Gerling, Heather-Sinton, et. al. 1996. A Guide to Using Native Plants on Disturbed Lands, Alberta Agriculture, Food and Rural Development, Edmonton, Canada.

Harper, Bonnie L. 1987. Return of the Natives. Transportation Research Board. Academy of Science. Washington, DC.

Harper-Lore, Bonnie. 1996. Using Native Plants as Problem-Solvers. Environmental Management, Vol. 20, No. 6. Springer-Verlag New York Inc. p. 827-830. New York, New York.

Harper-Lore Bonnie. 1998. Do Native Grasslands have a place on Roadsides- Land and Water, July/August, p.29-31. Fort Dodge, Iowa.

Howell, Evelyn A. and William R. Jordan III. 1991. Tallgrass Prairie Restoration in the Upper Midwest in Scientific Management of Temperate Communities for Conservation. Blackwell Scientific Publications. United Kingdom.

Jordan III, William R. Ongoing. Restoration and Management Notes. University of Wisconsin Arboretum, 1207 Seminole Highway, Madison, Wisconsin 53711.

Morgan, John P, D.R. Collicutt and J.D. Thompson. 1995. Restoring Canada's Native Prairies - A Practical Manual. Argyle, Manitoba, Canada.

Nilsen, Richard, Editor, 1991. Helping Nature Heal, An Introduction to Environmental Restoration. Ten Speed Press Publication, Berkeley, California.

NRVMA 1997. How to Develop and Implement an Integrated Roadside Vegetation Management. National Roadside Vegetation Management Association, 218 Rhett Drive Adams Run, Newark, Delaware.

Packard, Stephen and Cornelia F. Mutel, Editors. 1997. The Tallgrass Restoration Handbook for Prairies, Savannas, and Woodlands. Island Press, Washington, DC.

Pauly, Wayne. 1998. How to Manage Small Prairie Fires. Dane County Parks, Madison, Wisconsin.

Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources. 1991. Draft Rare Plant Propagation and Distribution Policy. Madison, Wisconsin.

Wetland Restoration/Mitigation

Bedford, Barbara L. and E.M. Preston. 1988. Developing the scientific basis for assessing cumulative effects of wetland loss and degradation on landscape functions: Status, perspectives, and prospects. Environmental Management 12(5): 751-772.

Cowardin, L.M., V. Carter, F.C. Golet, and E.T. LaRoe. 1979. Classification of Wetlands and Deepwater Habitats of the United States. FWS/OBS-79/31. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Washington, DC.

Eggers, Steve D. and Donald M. Reed. 1997. Wetland Plants and Plant Communities of Minnesota and Wisconsin. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, St. Paul District, Minnesota.

Fassett, Norman. 1957. A Manual of Aquatic Plants. University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, Wisconsin.

Garbish, E.W. Jr. 1986. Highways and Wetlands: Compensating Wetland Losses. Contract Report DOT FH-11-9442. FHWA, Office of Implementation, McLean, Virginia.

Hunt, Randall J. 1998. Do Created Wetlands Replace the Wetlands that are Destroyed- U.S. Department of Interior - USGS fact sheet FS-246-96.

Kadlec, J.A. 1962. Effects of a drawdown on waterfowl impoundment. Ecology 43:267-281.

Kantrud, H.A., G.L. Krapu, and G.A. Swanson. 1989. Prairie Basin Wetlands of the Dakotas: A Community Profile. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Biological Report 85 (7.28). Washington, DC.

Kentula., M.E., R.P. Brooks, S.E. Gwin, C.C. Holland, A.D. Sherman, and J.C. Sifneos. 1992. An Approach to Improving Decision Making in Wetland Restoration and Creation. Edited by A.J. Hairston. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Environmental Research Laboratory, Corvallis, Oregon.

Kusler, Jon A. and Mary E. Kentula, Eds. 1990. Wetland Creation and Restoration, the Status of the Science. Island Press, Washington, DC.

Mitsch, William and James Gosselink. 1986. Wetlands. Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, New York.

National Research Council. 1992. Restoration of Aquatic Ecosystems, Science Technology, and Public Policy. National Academy Press, Washington, DC.

Niering, W.A. 1991. Wetlands of North America. Thomasson-Grant, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Niering, W.A. 1994. Wetland Vegetation Change: A Dynamic Process. Wetland Journal 6:4 (6-10)

Novitzki, R.P 1989. Wetland Hydrology, p. 46-64. In S.K. Majumbar, R.P Brooks, F.J. Brenner, and R.W. Tinner, Jr. (Eds.), Wetlands Ecology and Conservation. The Pennsylvania Academy of Science, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Quammen, M.L. 1986. Measuring the success of wetlands mitigation. National Wetlands Newsletter 8(5):6-8.

Tiner, R.W., Jr. 1984. Wetlands of the United States: Current Status and Recent Trends. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, National Wetland Inventory, Washington, DC.

Van der Valk, A.G. 1981. Succession in wetlands: a Gleasonian approach. Ecology 62:688-696.

Van der Valk, A.G. Ed. 1989. Northern Prairie Wetlands. Iowa State University Press, Ames.

Van der Valk, A.G. and C.B. Davis. 1978. The role of seed banks in vegetation dynamics of prairie glacial marshes. Ecology 59:322-335.

Weller, M.W. 1975. Studies of cattail in relation to management of marsh wildlife. Iowa State Journal of Research 49:383-412.

Zedler, J.B. and R. Langis. 1991. Comparisons of constructed and natural salt marshes of San Diego Bay. Restoration and Management Notes 9(1):21-25.

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Questions and feedback should be directed to Deirdre Remley (deirdre.remley@dot.gov, 202-366-0524).

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