Environmental Review Toolkit

Other Federal Legislation

Human Environment

Americans with Disabilities Act—The American Disabilities Act (ADA) is a civil rights law that protects individuals with disabilities from discrimination in all areas of public life including jobs, schools, transportation, and areas open to the public. The purpose of the law is to ensure people with disabilities have the same rights and opportunities as everyone else.

The Civil Rights Act—Title VI of the Civil Rights Act prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin and requires equal access to employment and public places.

Executive Order on Environmental Justice—The Executive Order on Environmental Justice directs federal agencies to identify and address the disproportionately high and adverse human health or environmental effects of their actions on minority and low-income populations. The E.O. is intended to promote nondiscrimination in federal programs that affect human health and the environment.

National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA)—The NHPA is intended to preserve historical and archaeological sites in the U.S. Section 106 of the NHPA requires agencies using federal funds to identify historic properties and consider the effects of their projects on those historic properties. Under Section 4(f) agencies of the U.S. Department of Transportation must avoid use of historic sites.

Title 23 U.S.C. § 109(h)—This section of the United States Code establishes guidelines designed to assure that possible adverse economic, social, and environmental effects related to any proposed Federal-aid project have been considered and that final decisions are made in the best overall public interest.

Title 23 U.S.C. § 217—This section of the United States Code provides the funding mechanisms, planning requirements, and policy tools necessary to create more walkable and bicycle-friendly communities.

  • The FHWA’s Bicycle and Pedestrian Program promotes safe, comfortable, and convenient walking and bicycling for people of all ages and abilities. We support pedestrian and bicycle transportation through funding, policy guidance, program management, and resource development.


Subject/Title Resource URL
Social and Economic Impacts
American Indian Religious Freedom Act Statute
Farmland Protection Policy Act Statute
Historical and Cultural Resources
National Historic Preservation Act of 1966 Statute
Archeological Resources Protection Act of 1979 Statute
Archeological and Historic Preservation Act Statute
Native American Grave Protection and Repatriation Act Statute
Hazardous Materials
Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act Statute
Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986 Statute
Resource Conservation and Recovery Act Statute
Environmental Justice
Federal Actions to Address Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low Income Populations E.O. 12898


Subject/Title Resource URL
Hazardous Materials
Interim Guidance – Hazardous Waste Sites Affecting Highway Project Development Guidance
Supplemental Hazardous Waste Guidance Guidance


Subject/Title Resource URL
Hazardous Materials and Brownfields
Policy Revision to Support Brownfields Economic Redevelopment Initiative Information
Department of Transportation Brownfields Strategy Action Plan
Documentation Requirements for Hazardous Waste Information
Brownfields Economic Redevelopment Initiative FHWA and FTA Role Action Plan
Hazardous Wastes in Highway Rights-of-Way Information