Transportation projects often produce unintended consequences for wildlife and habitat. The FHWA offers resources to transportation agencies so that they may incorporate habitat and species conservation into their planning efforts.
The Fish and Wildlife Coordination Act requires that federal agencies consult with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS), the National Marine Fisheries Service and State wildlife agencies for activities that affect, control or modify waters of any stream or bodies of water, in order to minimize the adverse impacts of such actions on fish and wildlife resources and habitat. This consultation is generally incorporated into the process of complying with NEPA, Section 404 of the Clean Water Act, or other federal permit, license or review requirements.