Environmental Review Toolkit
 

Tribal Consultation

Consulting with tribes in the 106 process may take many different forms and is most effective when based on ongoing relationships such as those facilitated by the unique Programmatic Agreement in North Dakota
Consulting with tribes in the 106 process may take many different forms and is most effective when based on ongoing relationships such as those facilitated by the unique Programmatic Agreement in North Dakota

The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) has a government-to-government relationship with Indian Tribes, which the National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA) defines as “an Indian tribe, band, nation, or other organized group or community…which is recognized as eligible for the special programs and services provided by the United States…”

This special relationship is affirmed in treaties, Supreme Court decisions, and Executive Orders, and provides that FHWA and other Federal agencies consult with Tribes regarding policy and regulatory matters. Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA) also requires that FHWA consult with Tribes for undertakings that may affect properties considered to have traditional religious and cultural significance.

Tribal consultation is an essential element in achieving a streamlined product. The NHPA, including Section 106, requires Federal agencies to work with Indian Tribes that may have a cultural or religious association to historic properties affected by an agency’s undertakings.

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  • Presidential Memorandum regarding Tribal Consultation, November 5, 2009 (PDF —This memorandum reaffirms the Federal government’s commitment to tribal sovereignty, self determination, and self-government as laid out in Executive Order 13175. EO 13175 ensures all Executive departments and agencies consult with Indian tribes and respect tribal sovereignty as they develop policy on issues that impact Indian communities.
  • U.S. Department of Transportation Plan of Action for Tribal Consultation—Tribal Transportation is the government-to-government relationship between the U.S. DOT and Tribal governments regarding roads, paths, and bridges which impact land use, culture, economic, social, and/or environmental quality of life for the area covered by a proposed plan.

FHWA

Advisory Council on Historic Preservation

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  • Tribal Consultation Best Practices — The National Association of Tribal Historic Preservation Officers (NATHPO) report on Tribal consultation best practices in historic preservation includes perspectives from Tribal governments and government agencies.
  • New Echota Cultural Resource Study — In an unprecedented and pro-active approach, Georgia FHWA and DOT teamed up to conduct this study of this National Historic Landmark site already recognized as the birthplace of the modern Cherokee government and the beginning of the Trail of Tears. View the video online at the Archaeology Channel.
  • North Dakota's Collaborative Approach — The North Dakota Division of FHWA and DOT have forged a unique agreement with multiple tribes, residing in or with an interest in the state, that facilitates ongoing consultation.
  • Oregon DOT and Siletz Tribes Protect Culturally Significant Dogbane — The Oregon DOT collaborated with the Siletz Tribes to transplant dogbane from along a highway to a protected wildlife refuge to improve Tribal access to the plant while maintaining roadway safety.
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Agencies and Organizations

Programs

Resources

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Tribal Section 106 Programmatic Agreements

The table below provides summary information about current Tribal Section 106 PAs.

Updated April 2019

State Agreement Type Tribes(s) on Agreement Effective Date Expiration Date Links
GA MOA/MOU Kialegee Tribal Town 7/10/2001 None PDF | HTML
GA MOA/MOU Alabama-Quassarte Tribal Town 1/31/2002 None
GA MOA/MOU Coushatta Tribe of Louisiana 8/16/2002 None
GA MOA/MOU The Seminole Nation of Oklahoma 1/7/2002 None
GA CPA United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians in Oklahoma 5/22/2012 None PDF | HTML
IA PA Iowa Tribe of Oklahoma 8/21/2014 8/21/2017 PDF | HTML
IA PA Upper Sioux Community 3/24/2017 3/24/2020 PDF | HTML
IA MOA/MOU Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma 1/23/2004 None PDF | HTML
IA MOA/MOU Yankton Sioux Tribe of South Dakota 10/9/2002 None PDF | HTML
ID PA Nez Perce Tribe 11/5/2015 None PDF | HTML
IL MOA/MOU Iowa Tribe of Kansas and Nebraska
Ponca Tribe of Nebraska
The Osage Nation
Peoria Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma
Forest County Potawatomi Community
Kaw Nation
8/31/2011 12/31/2030 PDF | HTML
IN MOA/MOU Red Cliff Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians of Wisconsin
Delaware Nation
Miami Tribe of Oklahoma
Seneca-Cayuga Nation
Delaware Tribe of Indians
Eastern Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma
Forest County Potawatomi Community
Leech Lake Band of Ojibwe
Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indian
Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa Indians of North Dakota
Chippewa Cree
2/14/2017 12/31/2030 PDF | HTML
LA PA Caddo Nation of Oklahoma 5/28/2003 None PDF | HTML
MA MOA/MOU Mashpee Wampanoag Tribe 7/14/2017 None PDF | HTML
MA MOA/MOU Stockbridge Munsee Community 7/5/2017 None
MN CPA Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwe 1/26/2016 1/26/24 PDF | HTML
MN CPA Upper Sioux Community 1/19/2017 1/9/2027
MN CPA Leech Lake Band of Obijwe 7/11/2017 7/11/2027
MN PA White Earth Nation 3/24/2015 3/24/2020 PDF | HTML
MN PA Lower Sioux Indian Community 9/11/2003 None PDF | HTML
MN PA Bois Forte Band of Chippewa Indians 10/9/2003 None
MN PA Fond du Lac Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians 2/24/2004 None
MS CPA Muscogee (Creek) Nation 9/16/2016 None PDF | HTML
ND PA Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa Indians
Mandan, Hidatsa, and Arikara Nation
Spirit Lake Tribe
Sisseton-Wahpeton Oyate
Crow Tribe
Santee Sioux Nation
Omaha Tribe of Nebraska
9/5/2014 None PDF | HTML
SC MOU/MOA Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians 10/26/2015 Indefinite PDF | HTML
SC MOU/MOA United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians in Oklahoma 5/30/2006 None PDF | HTML
TX PA Tonkawa Tribe of Indiand of Oklahoma 7/16/2002 None PDF | HTML
TX PA Alabama-Coushatta Tribe of Texas 6/16/2004 None
TX PA Caddo Nation of Oklahoma 5/16/2003 None
TX PA Cherokee Nation 11/17/2004 None
TX PA The Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma 7/29/2002 None
TX PA Comanche Nation 6/30/2010 None
TX PA Delaware Nation 9/10/2004 None
TX PA Jicarilla Apache Nation 10/28/2002 None
TX PA Kiowa Indian Tribe of Oklahoma 8/30/2002 None
TX PA Mescalero Apache Tribe 10/28/2003 None
TX PA Kialagee Tribal Town 9/19/2011 None
TX PA Wichita and Affiliated Tribes 12/20/2013 None
TX PA Apache Tribe of Oklahoma 6/30/2010 None
TX PA The Seminole Nation of Oklahoma 9/28/2004 None
TX PA Alabama-Quassarte Tribal Town 7/17/2002 None
TX PA Ysleta del Sur Pueblo 12/10/2003 None
UT PA The Paiute Indian Tribe of Utah
Cedar Band of Paiute Indians
9/29/2008 None PDF | HTML
UT PA Confederated Tribes of the Goshute Reservation 7/29/2008 None
UT PA The Shivwits Band of the Paiute Indian Tribe of Utah 4/22/2011 None
UT PA The Paiute Indian Tribe of Utah
The Indian Peakes Bank of Paiute Indians
9/29/2008 None