Environmental Review Toolkit

One Federal Decision

Executive Order (E.O.) 13807: Establishing Discipline and Accountability in the Environmental Review and Permitting Process for Infrastructure Projects, was issued on August 15, 2017. It requires Federal agencies to process environmental reviews and authorization decisions for “major infrastructure projects” as One Federal Decision (OFD) and sets a government-wide goal of reducing, to two years, the average time for each agency to complete the required environmental reviews and authorization decisions for major infrastructure projects, as measured from the date of publication of a notice of intent to prepare an environmental impact statement.

On April 9, 2018, the Department of Transportation and several other Departments, including Interior, Agriculture, Commerce, Housing and Urban Development, Transportation, Energy, Homeland Security, Environmental Protection Agency, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, Advisory Council on Historic Preservation, and the Federal Permitting Improvement Steering Council signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) implementing the OFD under E.O. 13807.

The Federal Highway Administration, Office of Planning, Environment and Realty worked with the U.S. Coast Guard, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, and the National Marine Fisheries Services to develop a Written Agreement, committing to work together to achieve the E.O. goals. The agencies collaboratively developed a chart that outlines agencies’ processes, both with and without using Planning and Environment Linkages (PEL).

On October 3, 2018, the Associate Administrator of the Office of Planning, Environment and Realty sent a message to FHWA Division Administrators and environmental staff. The message contained a list of the activities that should be completed prior to initiating a new EIS for "major infrastructure projects" subject to the OFD process, in alignment with the OFD MOU and FHWA’s Working Agreement.